Livres publiés :


2017: Tout en même temps agnostique et croyant



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ISBN: 978-2-89578-604-7


288 pages

Ce livre ne vise pas à donner un aperçu de ce que devrait être une religion. Il ne vise pas davantage à mettre en valeur l’argumentaire de l’athéisme. Il entend plutôt montrer qu’une personne qui se dit parfaitement agnostique et adepte d’une philosophie qui valorise la rationalité avant tout peut être tout à fait croyante, voire même pratiquante, sans qu’il y ait là la moindre contradiction.

Dans une telle démarche, l’armature cognitive à laquelle de nombreux croyants ont jugé approprié d’arrimer leur foi risque de se voir quelque peu déboulonnée. En revanche, nombre d’arguments qui ont fortement contribué à miner les croyances religieuses pourraient s’en trouver passablement affaiblis. Dans les deux cas, tout découlerait de la simple reconnaissance du fait que la foi n’est en rien un savoir.


 


2010 : Rationality and Explanation in Economics 

 

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ISBN: 978-0-415-55121-2

273 pages

  

Most economists would agree that the notion of rationality is fundamental for their science. But what do they mean by "rationality"? Roughly, most of them would answer that it refers to the idea that economic agents maximise their utility or, still more typically since the 1950s or so, that they are strictly consistent in their choices. But such idealised conceptions of rationality imply highly unrealistic assumptions that economists usually justify with the help of arguments whose shortcomings are discussed and illustrated in this book. Unsurprisingly, such assumptions have contributed to the fact that neoclassical economics has more and more distanced itself from its original function, namely to explain the workings of human economic societies.

This book proposes solutions to these problems. In fact, rationality plays a crucial role in economics because it is the key of most economic explanations. Therefore analyses of rationality in this book are oriented towards revealing in which conditions the rationality assumption makes valuable explanations possible and what kinds of explanation are then involved. The last part of the book discusses and exemplifies alternative kinds of explanation in economics and applies to economics the most illuminating theories of scientific explanation developed in natural sciences. In all these discussions, the point is not so much to denounce neoclassical analyses than to argue for a significant reinterpretation of their implicit philosophical foundations.

 

Table des matières:   

Introduction

Part I: Rationality in the history of economic thought

  • Chapter 1: Rationality in economics before World War II,
  • Chapter 2: The hardly consistent story of rationality consistency

Part II: Objections to the notion of minimal rationality

  • Chapter 3: Can methodological individualism survive?
  • Chapter 4: Is still some room left for irrationality?
  • Chapter 5: Minimal and maximal rationality: loosely defined concepts?

Part III: Is rationality really necessary in economics?

  • Chapter 6: Why unrealism of assumptions remains a predicament.
  • Chapter 7: Explaining in the absence of rationality.

Part IV: Regarding economic explanations

  • Chapter 8: Rationality and  natural selection in economics.
  • Chapter 9: Theories of explanation applied to economics.

Epilogue

 

  

 

 

2001: Actualité de la philosophie de l'histoire

 

ISBN: 2-7637-7827-5

229 pages

 

 

 

1982: Le marxisme des années soixante

 

 ISBN: 2-89045-512-2

350 pages

 

 

  

Livre d'hommages :

 

2007: La philosophie de l'histoire. Hommages offerts à Maurice Lagueux 

 

 

 

ISBN: 978-2-7637-8588-2

 

493 pages